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Our Doing Business in Canada resources provide an overview of laws and regulations for those interested in pursuing Canadian investments and business opportunities.
In Canada, the authority to make laws and regulations is divided between the federal and provincial governments by the Canadian Constitution although, in some areas of shared jurisdiction, both federal and provincial laws may apply.
For reasons rooted in history, Canada has two legal traditions, the civil law tradition of codified law in the province of Quebec, and the common law tradition of judge-made law in the other provinces of Canada.
A consideration of the different forms of business enterprises available under federal and provincial law will assist investors in determining the most suitable arrangement for conducting business in Canada. Provincial law generally governs the forms of business organization although corporations may also be incorporated federally under the laws of Canada.
As a result of COVID-19, governments have implemented new rules and regulations that have impacted Competition & Foreign Investment, in addition to the significant changes to the foreign investment merger review process
Canada is a party to many trade agreements, which act like a constitution, placing limits on the laws, regulations, procedures, decisions, and actions that all levels of government and their agents may undertake. Learn about Canada’s trade agreements and how to use them as business tools.
While the Canadian court system is quite similar to the systems of both the United States and Great Britain, there are some noteworthy differences, such as the province of Quebec, which administers civil law, as opposed to the rest of the country, which administers common law. This publication serves as an introduction to Canada’s civil litigation and dispute resolution system.
Canada has many government-administered pension, benefit and welfare programs that provide a minimum degree of social security. In some cases and jurisdictions, certain government-administrated benefits are financed by an employer tax based upon annual payroll. This publication reviews key issues across Canada’s jurisdictions and highlights key distinctions between Canadian and U.S. laws.
Canada has comprehensive federal privacy legislation that applies to the private sector. In addition, certain provinces have enacted both comprehensive and sector-specific private-sector privacy legislation. This publication provides an overview of privacy legislation and how it affects businesses operating in Canada.
Employment and labour law in Canada is designed to regulate both the conditions of employment and the relations between employers and employees. To understand Canadian labour and employment law, it is necessary to know about the constitutional division of power between the federal government of Canada and the governments of Canada’s 10 provinces and three territories.