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Investment Treaty Arbitration

North America

View the CUSMA Resource Centre

The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) contains notable changes for Canadian investors in the U.S. and Mexico, and U.S. and Mexican investors in Canada. Review the materials below to learn more about these new provisions and impact on the availability of investor-state arbitration. Learn more.


CETA is the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union (EU). CETA comprises 30 chapters of rules respecting trade and investment between Canada and the EU. The agreement entered into provisional application on September 21, 2017 (certain provisions, such as those relating to investor-state disputes, are not yet in force). Learn more.


The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, currently in force in Canada, Australia, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam, includes, among other things, important investment protection provisions and investor-state dispute resolution provisions. Learn more.